Post-Soviet de facto states are small-sized jurisdictions with limited domestic resources. They need credible military support from a patron to ensure their continued existence, and substantial financial support to provide public goods, services, and a degree of welfare to their resident population. Their unrecognised status limits their access to international trade and prevents them from joining international organisations; however, both local residents and de facto authorities find ways to interact with the outside world.
Comai, Giorgio. 2017. ‘The External Relations of de Facto States in the South Caucasus’. Caucasus Analytical Digest, no. 94 (May): 8–14.