De facto states in the South Caucasus are supported by a patron: Russia in the case of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, Armenia in the case of Nagorno Karabakh. In spite of the contested international status of these territories, assistance to de facto states is often fully formalised, and relevant details are included in budget laws as well as documents issued by pension funds. This article presents relevant data and sources, and highlights the importance of taking them in consideration to inform analyses on the political economy of these territories, as well as to develop policies of engagement.
Comai, Giorgio. 2019. ‘Il sostegno esterno ufficiale agli stati de facto nel Caucaso del sud ’. In Armenia, Caucaso e Asia Centrale - Ricerche 2019, edited by Giorgio Comai, Carlo Frappi, Giovanni Pedrini, and Elena Rova, 351–368. Venezia: Ca’ Foscari.